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pacat.c

/* $Id: pacat.c 2067 2007-11-21 01:30:40Z lennart $ */

/***
  This file is part of PulseAudio.

  Copyright 2004-2006 Lennart Poettering
  Copyright 2006 Pierre Ossman <ossman@cendio.se> for Cendio AB

  PulseAudio is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
  by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License,
  or (at your option) any later version.

  PulseAudio is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
  General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
  along with PulseAudio; if not, write to the Free Software
  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307
  USA.
***/

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

#include <signal.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#include <pulse/pulseaudio.h>

#define TIME_EVENT_USEC 50000

#if PA_API_VERSION < 10
#error Invalid PulseAudio API version
#endif

static enum { RECORD, PLAYBACK } mode = PLAYBACK;

static pa_context *context = NULL;
static pa_stream *stream = NULL;
static pa_mainloop_api *mainloop_api = NULL;

static void *buffer = NULL;
static size_t buffer_length = 0, buffer_index = 0;

static pa_io_event* stdio_event = NULL;

static char *stream_name = NULL, *client_name = NULL, *device = NULL;

static int verbose = 0;
static pa_volume_t volume = PA_VOLUME_NORM;

static pa_sample_spec sample_spec = {
    .format = PA_SAMPLE_S16LE,
    .rate = 44100,
    .channels = 2
};

static pa_channel_map channel_map;
static int channel_map_set = 0;

static pa_stream_flags_t flags = 0;

/* A shortcut for terminating the application */
static void quit(int ret) {
    assert(mainloop_api);
    mainloop_api->quit(mainloop_api, ret);
}

/* Write some data to the stream */
static void do_stream_write(size_t length) {
    size_t l;
    assert(length);

    if (!buffer || !buffer_length)
        return;

    l = length;
    if (l > buffer_length)
        l = buffer_length;

    if (pa_stream_write(stream, (uint8_t*) buffer + buffer_index, l, NULL, 0, PA_SEEK_RELATIVE) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_write() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(context)));
        quit(1);
        return;
    }

    buffer_length -= l;
    buffer_index += l;

    if (!buffer_length) {
        pa_xfree(buffer);
        buffer = NULL;
        buffer_index = buffer_length = 0;
    }
}

/* This is called whenever new data may be written to the stream */
static void stream_write_callback(pa_stream *s, size_t length, void *userdata) {
    assert(s);
    assert(length > 0);

    if (stdio_event)
        mainloop_api->io_enable(stdio_event, PA_IO_EVENT_INPUT);

    if (!buffer)
        return;

    do_stream_write(length);
}

/* This is called whenever new data may is available */
static void stream_read_callback(pa_stream *s, size_t length, void *userdata) {
    const void *data;
    assert(s);
    assert(length > 0);

    if (stdio_event)
        mainloop_api->io_enable(stdio_event, PA_IO_EVENT_OUTPUT);

    if (pa_stream_peek(s, &data, &length) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_peek() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(context)));
        quit(1);
        return;
    }

    assert(data);
    assert(length > 0);

    if (buffer) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Buffer overrun, dropping incoming data\n");
        if (pa_stream_drop(s) < 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_drop() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(context)));
            quit(1);
        }
        return;
    }

    buffer = pa_xmalloc(buffer_length = length);
    memcpy(buffer, data, length);
    buffer_index = 0;
    pa_stream_drop(s);
}

/* This routine is called whenever the stream state changes */
static void stream_state_callback(pa_stream *s, void *userdata) {
    assert(s);

    switch (pa_stream_get_state(s)) {
        case PA_STREAM_CREATING:
        case PA_STREAM_TERMINATED:
            break;

        case PA_STREAM_READY:
            if (verbose) {
                const pa_buffer_attr *a;
                char cmt[PA_CHANNEL_MAP_SNPRINT_MAX], sst[PA_SAMPLE_SPEC_SNPRINT_MAX];

                fprintf(stderr, "Stream successfully created.\n");

                if (!(a = pa_stream_get_buffer_attr(s)))
                    fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_get_buffer_attr() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(pa_stream_get_context(s))));
                else {

                    if (mode == PLAYBACK)
                        fprintf(stderr, "Buffer metrics: maxlength=%u, tlength=%u, prebuf=%u, minreq=%u\n", a->maxlength, a->tlength, a->prebuf, a->minreq);
                    else {
                        assert(mode == RECORD);
                        fprintf(stderr, "Buffer metrics: maxlength=%u, fragsize=%u\n", a->maxlength, a->fragsize);
                    }
                }

                fprintf(stderr, "Using sample spec '%s', channel map '%s'.\n",
                        pa_sample_spec_snprint(sst, sizeof(sst), pa_stream_get_sample_spec(s)),
                        pa_channel_map_snprint(cmt, sizeof(cmt), pa_stream_get_channel_map(s)));

                fprintf(stderr, "Connected to device %s (%u, %ssuspended).\n",
                        pa_stream_get_device_name(s),
                        pa_stream_get_device_index(s),
                        pa_stream_is_suspended(s) ? "" : "not ");
            }

            break;

        case PA_STREAM_FAILED:
        default:
            fprintf(stderr, "Stream error: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(pa_stream_get_context(s))));
            quit(1);
    }
}

static void stream_suspended_callback(pa_stream *s, void *userdata) {
    assert(s);

    if (verbose) {
        if (pa_stream_is_suspended(s))
            fprintf(stderr, "Stream device suspended.\n");
        else
            fprintf(stderr, "Stream device resumed.\n");
    }
}

static void stream_moved_callback(pa_stream *s, void *userdata) {
    assert(s);

    if (verbose)
        fprintf(stderr, "Stream moved to device %s (%u, %ssuspended).\n", pa_stream_get_device_name(s), pa_stream_get_device_index(s), pa_stream_is_suspended(s) ? "" : "not ");
}

/* This is called whenever the context status changes */
static void context_state_callback(pa_context *c, void *userdata) {
    assert(c);

    switch (pa_context_get_state(c)) {
        case PA_CONTEXT_CONNECTING:
        case PA_CONTEXT_AUTHORIZING:
        case PA_CONTEXT_SETTING_NAME:
            break;

        case PA_CONTEXT_READY: {
            int r;

            assert(c);
            assert(!stream);

            if (verbose)
                fprintf(stderr, "Connection established.\n");

            if (!(stream = pa_stream_new(c, stream_name, &sample_spec, channel_map_set ? &channel_map : NULL))) {
                fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_new() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(c)));
                goto fail;
            }

            pa_stream_set_state_callback(stream, stream_state_callback, NULL);
            pa_stream_set_write_callback(stream, stream_write_callback, NULL);
            pa_stream_set_read_callback(stream, stream_read_callback, NULL);
            pa_stream_set_suspended_callback(stream, stream_suspended_callback, NULL);
            pa_stream_set_moved_callback(stream, stream_moved_callback, NULL);

            if (mode == PLAYBACK) {
                pa_cvolume cv;
                if ((r = pa_stream_connect_playback(stream, device, NULL, flags, pa_cvolume_set(&cv, sample_spec.channels, volume), NULL)) < 0) {
                    fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_connect_playback() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(c)));
                    goto fail;
                }

            } else {
                if ((r = pa_stream_connect_record(stream, device, NULL, flags)) < 0) {
                    fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_connect_record() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(c)));
                    goto fail;
                }
            }

            break;
        }

        case PA_CONTEXT_TERMINATED:
            quit(0);
            break;

        case PA_CONTEXT_FAILED:
        default:
            fprintf(stderr, "Connection failure: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(c)));
            goto fail;
    }

    return;

fail:
    quit(1);

}

/* Connection draining complete */
static void context_drain_complete(pa_context*c, void *userdata) {
    pa_context_disconnect(c);
}

/* Stream draining complete */
static void stream_drain_complete(pa_stream*s, int success, void *userdata) {
    pa_operation *o;

    if (!success) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to drain stream: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(context)));
        quit(1);
    }

    if (verbose)
        fprintf(stderr, "Playback stream drained.\n");

    pa_stream_disconnect(stream);
    pa_stream_unref(stream);
    stream = NULL;

    if (!(o = pa_context_drain(context, context_drain_complete, NULL)))
        pa_context_disconnect(context);
    else {
        if (verbose)
            fprintf(stderr, "Draining connection to server.\n");
    }
}

/* New data on STDIN **/
static void stdin_callback(pa_mainloop_api*a, pa_io_event *e, int fd, pa_io_event_flags_t f, void *userdata) {
    size_t l, w = 0;
    ssize_t r;

    assert(a == mainloop_api);
    assert(e);
    assert(stdio_event == e);

    if (buffer) {
        mainloop_api->io_enable(stdio_event, PA_IO_EVENT_NULL);
        return;
    }

    if (!stream || pa_stream_get_state(stream) != PA_STREAM_READY || !(l = w = pa_stream_writable_size(stream)))
        l = 4096;

    buffer = pa_xmalloc(l);

    if ((r = read(fd, buffer, l)) <= 0) {
        if (r == 0) {
            if (verbose)
                fprintf(stderr, "Got EOF.\n");

            if (stream) {
                pa_operation *o;

                if (!(o = pa_stream_drain(stream, stream_drain_complete, NULL))) {
                    fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_drain(): %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(context)));
                    quit(1);
                    return;
                }

                pa_operation_unref(o);
            } else
                quit(0);

        } else {
            fprintf(stderr, "read() failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
            quit(1);
        }

        mainloop_api->io_free(stdio_event);
        stdio_event = NULL;
        return;
    }

    buffer_length = r;
    buffer_index = 0;

    if (w)
        do_stream_write(w);
}

/* Some data may be written to STDOUT */
static void stdout_callback(pa_mainloop_api*a, pa_io_event *e, int fd, pa_io_event_flags_t f, void *userdata) {
    ssize_t r;

    assert(a == mainloop_api);
    assert(e);
    assert(stdio_event == e);

    if (!buffer) {
        mainloop_api->io_enable(stdio_event, PA_IO_EVENT_NULL);
        return;
    }

    assert(buffer_length);

    if ((r = write(fd, (uint8_t*) buffer+buffer_index, buffer_length)) <= 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "write() failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        quit(1);

        mainloop_api->io_free(stdio_event);
        stdio_event = NULL;
        return;
    }

    buffer_length -= r;
    buffer_index += r;

    if (!buffer_length) {
        pa_xfree(buffer);
        buffer = NULL;
        buffer_length = buffer_index = 0;
    }
}

/* UNIX signal to quit recieved */
static void exit_signal_callback(pa_mainloop_api*m, pa_signal_event *e, int sig, void *userdata) {
    if (verbose)
        fprintf(stderr, "Got signal, exiting.\n");
    quit(0);
}

/* Show the current latency */
static void stream_update_timing_callback(pa_stream *s, int success, void *userdata) {
    pa_usec_t latency, usec;
    int negative = 0;

    assert(s);

    if (!success ||
        pa_stream_get_time(s, &usec) < 0 ||
        pa_stream_get_latency(s, &latency, &negative) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to get latency: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(context)));
        quit(1);
        return;
    }

    fprintf(stderr, "Time: %0.3f sec; Latency: %0.0f usec.  \r",
            (float) usec / 1000000,
            (float) latency * (negative?-1:1));
}

/* Someone requested that the latency is shown */
static void sigusr1_signal_callback(pa_mainloop_api*m, pa_signal_event *e, int sig, void *userdata) {

    if (!stream)
        return;

    pa_operation_unref(pa_stream_update_timing_info(stream, stream_update_timing_callback, NULL));
}

static void time_event_callback(pa_mainloop_api*m, pa_time_event *e, const struct timeval *tv, void *userdata) {
    struct timeval next;

    if (stream && pa_stream_get_state(stream) == PA_STREAM_READY) {
        pa_operation *o;
        if (!(o = pa_stream_update_timing_info(stream, stream_update_timing_callback, NULL)))
            fprintf(stderr, "pa_stream_update_timing_info() failed: %s\n", pa_strerror(pa_context_errno(context)));
        else
            pa_operation_unref(o);
    }

    pa_gettimeofday(&next);
    pa_timeval_add(&next, TIME_EVENT_USEC);

    m->time_restart(e, &next);
}

static void help(const char *argv0) {

    printf("%s [options]\n\n"
           "  -h, --help                            Show this help\n"
           "      --version                         Show version\n\n"
           "  -r, --record                          Create a connection for recording\n"
           "  -p, --playback                        Create a connection for playback\n\n"
           "  -v, --verbose                         Enable verbose operations\n\n"
           "  -s, --server=SERVER                   The name of the server to connect to\n"
           "  -d, --device=DEVICE                   The name of the sink/source to connect to\n"
           "  -n, --client-name=NAME                How to call this client on the server\n"
           "      --stream-name=NAME                How to call this stream on the server\n"
           "      --volume=VOLUME                   Specify the initial (linear) volume in range 0...65536\n"
           "      --rate=SAMPLERATE                 The sample rate in Hz (defaults to 44100)\n"
           "      --format=SAMPLEFORMAT             The sample type, one of s16le, s16be, u8, float32le,\n"
           "                                        float32be, ulaw, alaw (defaults to s16ne)\n"
           "      --channels=CHANNELS               The number of channels, 1 for mono, 2 for stereo\n"
           "                                        (defaults to 2)\n"
           "      --channel-map=CHANNELMAP          Channel map to use instead of the default\n"
           "      --fix-format                      Take the sample format from the sink the stream is\n"
           "                                        being connected to.\n"
           "      --fix-rate                        Take the sampling rate from the sink the stream is\n"
           "                                        being connected to.\n"
           "      --fix-channels                    Take the number of channels and the channel map\n"
           "                                        from the sink the stream is being connected to.\n"
           "      --no-remix                        Don't upmix or downmix channels.\n"
           "      --no-remap                        Map channels by index instead of name.\n"
           ,
           argv0);
}

enum {
    ARG_VERSION = 256,
    ARG_STREAM_NAME,
    ARG_VOLUME,
    ARG_SAMPLERATE,
    ARG_SAMPLEFORMAT,
    ARG_CHANNELS,
    ARG_CHANNELMAP,
    ARG_FIX_FORMAT,
    ARG_FIX_RATE,
    ARG_FIX_CHANNELS,
    ARG_NO_REMAP,
    ARG_NO_REMIX
};

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
    pa_mainloop* m = NULL;
    int ret = 1, r, c;
    char *bn, *server = NULL;
    pa_time_event *time_event = NULL;

    static const struct option long_options[] = {
        {"record",      0, NULL, 'r'},
        {"playback",    0, NULL, 'p'},
        {"device",      1, NULL, 'd'},
        {"server",      1, NULL, 's'},
        {"client-name", 1, NULL, 'n'},
        {"stream-name", 1, NULL, ARG_STREAM_NAME},
        {"version",     0, NULL, ARG_VERSION},
        {"help",        0, NULL, 'h'},
        {"verbose",     0, NULL, 'v'},
        {"volume",      1, NULL, ARG_VOLUME},
        {"rate",        1, NULL, ARG_SAMPLERATE},
        {"format",      1, NULL, ARG_SAMPLEFORMAT},
        {"channels",    1, NULL, ARG_CHANNELS},
        {"channel-map", 1, NULL, ARG_CHANNELMAP},
        {"fix-format",  0, NULL, ARG_FIX_FORMAT},
        {"fix-rate",    0, NULL, ARG_FIX_RATE},
        {"fix-channels",0, NULL, ARG_FIX_CHANNELS},
        {"no-remap",    0, NULL, ARG_NO_REMAP},
        {"no-remix",    0, NULL, ARG_NO_REMIX},
        {NULL,          0, NULL, 0}
    };

    if (!(bn = strrchr(argv[0], '/')))
        bn = argv[0];
    else
        bn++;

    if (strstr(bn, "rec") || strstr(bn, "mon"))
        mode = RECORD;
    else if (strstr(bn, "cat") || strstr(bn, "play"))
        mode = PLAYBACK;

    while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "rpd:s:n:hv", long_options, NULL)) != -1) {

        switch (c) {
            case 'h' :
                help(bn);
                ret = 0;
                goto quit;

            case ARG_VERSION:
                printf("pacat "PACKAGE_VERSION"\nCompiled with libpulse %s\nLinked with libpulse %s\n", pa_get_headers_version(), pa_get_library_version());
                ret = 0;
                goto quit;

            case 'r':
                mode = RECORD;
                break;

            case 'p':
                mode = PLAYBACK;
                break;

            case 'd':
                pa_xfree(device);
                device = pa_xstrdup(optarg);
                break;

            case 's':
                pa_xfree(server);
                server = pa_xstrdup(optarg);
                break;

            case 'n':
                pa_xfree(client_name);
                client_name = pa_xstrdup(optarg);
                break;

            case ARG_STREAM_NAME:
                pa_xfree(stream_name);
                stream_name = pa_xstrdup(optarg);
                break;

            case 'v':
                verbose = 1;
                break;

            case ARG_VOLUME: {
                int v = atoi(optarg);
                volume = v < 0 ? 0 : v;
                break;
            }

            case ARG_CHANNELS:
                sample_spec.channels = atoi(optarg);
                break;

            case ARG_SAMPLEFORMAT:
                sample_spec.format = pa_parse_sample_format(optarg);
                break;

            case ARG_SAMPLERATE:
                sample_spec.rate = atoi(optarg);
                break;

            case ARG_CHANNELMAP:
                if (!pa_channel_map_parse(&channel_map, optarg)) {
                    fprintf(stderr, "Invalid channel map\n");
                    goto quit;
                }

                channel_map_set = 1;
                break;

            case ARG_FIX_CHANNELS:
                flags |= PA_STREAM_FIX_CHANNELS;
                break;

            case ARG_FIX_RATE:
                flags |= PA_STREAM_FIX_RATE;
                break;

            case ARG_FIX_FORMAT:
                flags |= PA_STREAM_FIX_FORMAT;
                break;

            case ARG_NO_REMIX:
                flags |= PA_STREAM_NO_REMIX_CHANNELS;
                break;

            case ARG_NO_REMAP:
                flags |= PA_STREAM_NO_REMAP_CHANNELS;
                break;

            default:
                goto quit;
        }
    }

    if (!pa_sample_spec_valid(&sample_spec)) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Invalid sample specification\n");
        goto quit;
    }

    if (channel_map_set && channel_map.channels != sample_spec.channels) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Channel map doesn't match sample specification\n");
        goto quit;
    }

    if (verbose) {
        char t[PA_SAMPLE_SPEC_SNPRINT_MAX];
        pa_sample_spec_snprint(t, sizeof(t), &sample_spec);
        fprintf(stderr, "Opening a %s stream with sample specification '%s'.\n", mode == RECORD ? "recording" : "playback", t);
    }

    if (!(optind >= argc)) {
        if (optind+1 == argc) {
            int fd;

            if ((fd = open(argv[optind], mode == PLAYBACK ? O_RDONLY : O_WRONLY|O_TRUNC|O_CREAT, 0666)) < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "open(): %s\n", strerror(errno));
                goto quit;
            }

            if (dup2(fd, mode == PLAYBACK ? 0 : 1) < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "dup2(): %s\n", strerror(errno));
                goto quit;
            }

            close(fd);

            if (!stream_name)
                stream_name = pa_xstrdup(argv[optind]);

        } else {
            fprintf(stderr, "Too many arguments.\n");
            goto quit;
        }
    }

    if (!client_name)
        client_name = pa_xstrdup(bn);

    if (!stream_name)
        stream_name = pa_xstrdup(client_name);

    /* Set up a new main loop */
    if (!(m = pa_mainloop_new())) {
        fprintf(stderr, "pa_mainloop_new() failed.\n");
        goto quit;
    }

    mainloop_api = pa_mainloop_get_api(m);

    r = pa_signal_init(mainloop_api);
    assert(r == 0);
    pa_signal_new(SIGINT, exit_signal_callback, NULL);
    pa_signal_new(SIGTERM, exit_signal_callback, NULL);
#ifdef SIGUSR1
    pa_signal_new(SIGUSR1, sigusr1_signal_callback, NULL);
#endif
#ifdef SIGPIPE
    signal(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
#endif

    if (!(stdio_event = mainloop_api->io_new(mainloop_api,
                                             mode == PLAYBACK ? STDIN_FILENO : STDOUT_FILENO,
                                             mode == PLAYBACK ? PA_IO_EVENT_INPUT : PA_IO_EVENT_OUTPUT,
                                             mode == PLAYBACK ? stdin_callback : stdout_callback, NULL))) {
        fprintf(stderr, "io_new() failed.\n");
        goto quit;
    }

    /* Create a new connection context */
    if (!(context = pa_context_new(mainloop_api, client_name))) {
        fprintf(stderr, "pa_context_new() failed.\n");
        goto quit;
    }

    pa_context_set_state_callback(context, context_state_callback, NULL);

    /* Connect the context */
    pa_context_connect(context, server, 0, NULL);

    if (verbose) {
        struct timeval tv;

        pa_gettimeofday(&tv);
        pa_timeval_add(&tv, TIME_EVENT_USEC);

        if (!(time_event = mainloop_api->time_new(mainloop_api, &tv, time_event_callback, NULL))) {
            fprintf(stderr, "time_new() failed.\n");
            goto quit;
        }
    }

    /* Run the main loop */
    if (pa_mainloop_run(m, &ret) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "pa_mainloop_run() failed.\n");
        goto quit;
    }

quit:
    if (stream)
        pa_stream_unref(stream);

    if (context)
        pa_context_unref(context);

    if (stdio_event) {
        assert(mainloop_api);
        mainloop_api->io_free(stdio_event);
    }

    if (time_event) {
        assert(mainloop_api);
        mainloop_api->time_free(time_event);
    }

    if (m) {
        pa_signal_done();
        pa_mainloop_free(m);
    }

    pa_xfree(buffer);

    pa_xfree(server);
    pa_xfree(device);
    pa_xfree(client_name);
    pa_xfree(stream_name);

    return ret;
}

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