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alsa-sink.c

/***
  This file is part of PulseAudio.

  Copyright 2004-2008 Lennart Poettering
  Copyright 2006 Pierre Ossman <ossman@cendio.se> for Cendio AB

  PulseAudio is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
  by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License,
  or (at your option) any later version.

  PulseAudio is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
  General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
  along with PulseAudio; if not, write to the Free Software
  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307
  USA.
***/

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>

#include <asoundlib.h>

#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_MEMCHECK_H
#include <valgrind/memcheck.h>
#endif

#include <pulse/xmalloc.h>
#include <pulse/util.h>
#include <pulse/timeval.h>
#include <pulse/i18n.h>

#include <pulsecore/core.h>
#include <pulsecore/module.h>
#include <pulsecore/memchunk.h>
#include <pulsecore/sink.h>
#include <pulsecore/modargs.h>
#include <pulsecore/core-util.h>
#include <pulsecore/sample-util.h>
#include <pulsecore/log.h>
#include <pulsecore/macro.h>
#include <pulsecore/thread.h>
#include <pulsecore/core-error.h>
#include <pulsecore/thread-mq.h>
#include <pulsecore/rtpoll.h>
#include <pulsecore/rtclock.h>
#include <pulsecore/time-smoother.h>

#include <modules/reserve-wrap.h>

#include "alsa-util.h"
#include "alsa-sink.h"

/* #define DEBUG_TIMING */

#define DEFAULT_DEVICE "default"
#define DEFAULT_TSCHED_BUFFER_USEC (2*PA_USEC_PER_SEC)            /* 2s   -- Overall buffer size */
#define DEFAULT_TSCHED_WATERMARK_USEC (20*PA_USEC_PER_MSEC)       /* 20ms -- Fill up when only this much is left in the buffer */
#define TSCHED_WATERMARK_STEP_USEC (10*PA_USEC_PER_MSEC)          /* 10ms -- On underrun, increase watermark by this */
#define TSCHED_MIN_SLEEP_USEC (10*PA_USEC_PER_MSEC)               /* 10ms -- Sleep at least 10ms on each iteration */
#define TSCHED_MIN_WAKEUP_USEC (4*PA_USEC_PER_MSEC)               /* 4ms  -- Wakeup at least this long before the buffer runs empty*/

struct userdata {
    pa_core *core;
    pa_module *module;
    pa_sink *sink;

    pa_thread *thread;
    pa_thread_mq thread_mq;
    pa_rtpoll *rtpoll;

    snd_pcm_t *pcm_handle;

    pa_alsa_fdlist *mixer_fdl;
    snd_mixer_t *mixer_handle;
    snd_mixer_elem_t *mixer_elem;
    long hw_volume_max, hw_volume_min;
    long hw_dB_max, hw_dB_min;
    pa_bool_t hw_dB_supported:1;
    pa_bool_t mixer_seperate_channels:1;
    pa_cvolume hardware_volume;

    size_t
        frame_size,
        fragment_size,
        hwbuf_size,
        tsched_watermark,
        hwbuf_unused,
        min_sleep,
        min_wakeup,
        watermark_step;

    unsigned nfragments;
    pa_memchunk memchunk;

    char *device_name;

    pa_bool_t use_mmap:1, use_tsched:1;

    pa_bool_t first, after_rewind;

    pa_rtpoll_item *alsa_rtpoll_item;

    snd_mixer_selem_channel_id_t mixer_map[SND_MIXER_SCHN_LAST];

    pa_smoother *smoother;
    uint64_t write_count;
    uint64_t since_start;

    pa_reserve_wrapper *reserve;
    pa_hook_slot *reserve_slot;
};

static void userdata_free(struct userdata *u);

static pa_hook_result_t reserve_cb(pa_reserve_wrapper *r, void *forced, struct userdata *u) {
    pa_assert(r);
    pa_assert(u);

    if (pa_sink_suspend(u->sink, TRUE) < 0)
        return PA_HOOK_CANCEL;

    return PA_HOOK_OK;
}

static void reserve_done(struct userdata *u) {
    pa_assert(u);

    if (u->reserve_slot) {
        pa_hook_slot_free(u->reserve_slot);
        u->reserve_slot = NULL;
    }

    if (u->reserve) {
        pa_reserve_wrapper_unref(u->reserve);
        u->reserve = NULL;
    }
}

static void reserve_update(struct userdata *u) {
    const char *description;
    pa_assert(u);

    if (!u->sink || !u->reserve)
        return;

    if ((description = pa_proplist_gets(u->sink->proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_DESCRIPTION)))
        pa_reserve_wrapper_set_application_device_name(u->reserve, description);
}

static int reserve_init(struct userdata *u, const char *dname) {
    char *rname;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(dname);

    if (u->reserve)
        return 0;

    if (pa_in_system_mode())
        return 0;

    /* We are resuming, try to lock the device */
    if (!(rname = pa_alsa_get_reserve_name(dname)))
        return 0;

    u->reserve = pa_reserve_wrapper_get(u->core, rname);
    pa_xfree(rname);

    if (!(u->reserve))
        return -1;

    reserve_update(u);

    pa_assert(!u->reserve_slot);
    u->reserve_slot = pa_hook_connect(pa_reserve_wrapper_hook(u->reserve), PA_HOOK_NORMAL, (pa_hook_cb_t) reserve_cb, u);

    return 0;
}

static void fix_min_sleep_wakeup(struct userdata *u) {
    size_t max_use, max_use_2;

    pa_assert(u);

    max_use = u->hwbuf_size - u->hwbuf_unused;
    max_use_2 = pa_frame_align(max_use/2, &u->sink->sample_spec);

    u->min_sleep = pa_usec_to_bytes(TSCHED_MIN_SLEEP_USEC, &u->sink->sample_spec);
    u->min_sleep = PA_CLAMP(u->min_sleep, u->frame_size, max_use_2);

    u->min_wakeup = pa_usec_to_bytes(TSCHED_MIN_WAKEUP_USEC, &u->sink->sample_spec);
    u->min_wakeup = PA_CLAMP(u->min_wakeup, u->frame_size, max_use_2);
}

static void fix_tsched_watermark(struct userdata *u) {
    size_t max_use;
    pa_assert(u);

    max_use = u->hwbuf_size - u->hwbuf_unused;

    if (u->tsched_watermark > max_use - u->min_sleep)
        u->tsched_watermark = max_use - u->min_sleep;

    if (u->tsched_watermark < u->min_wakeup)
        u->tsched_watermark = u->min_wakeup;
}

static void adjust_after_underrun(struct userdata *u) {
    size_t old_watermark;
    pa_usec_t old_min_latency, new_min_latency;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->use_tsched);

    /* First, just try to increase the watermark */
    old_watermark = u->tsched_watermark;
    u->tsched_watermark = PA_MIN(u->tsched_watermark * 2, u->tsched_watermark + u->watermark_step);
    fix_tsched_watermark(u);

    if (old_watermark != u->tsched_watermark) {
        pa_log_notice("Increasing wakeup watermark to %0.2f ms",
                      (double) pa_bytes_to_usec(u->tsched_watermark, &u->sink->sample_spec) / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);
        return;
    }

    /* Hmm, we cannot increase the watermark any further, hence let's raise the latency */
    old_min_latency = u->sink->thread_info.min_latency;
    new_min_latency = PA_MIN(old_min_latency * 2, old_min_latency + TSCHED_WATERMARK_STEP_USEC);
    new_min_latency = PA_MIN(new_min_latency, u->sink->thread_info.max_latency);

    if (old_min_latency != new_min_latency) {
        pa_log_notice("Increasing minimal latency to %0.2f ms",
                      (double) new_min_latency / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);

        pa_sink_set_latency_range_within_thread(u->sink, new_min_latency, u->sink->thread_info.max_latency);
        return;
    }

    /* When we reach this we're officialy fucked! */
}

static void hw_sleep_time(struct userdata *u, pa_usec_t *sleep_usec, pa_usec_t*process_usec) {
    pa_usec_t usec, wm;

    pa_assert(sleep_usec);
    pa_assert(process_usec);

    pa_assert(u);

    usec = pa_sink_get_requested_latency_within_thread(u->sink);

    if (usec == (pa_usec_t) -1)
        usec = pa_bytes_to_usec(u->hwbuf_size, &u->sink->sample_spec);

    wm = pa_bytes_to_usec(u->tsched_watermark, &u->sink->sample_spec);

    if (wm > usec)
        wm = usec/2;

    *sleep_usec = usec - wm;
    *process_usec = wm;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
    pa_log_debug("Buffer time: %lu ms; Sleep time: %lu ms; Process time: %lu ms",
                 (unsigned long) (usec / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC),
                 (unsigned long) (*sleep_usec / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC),
                 (unsigned long) (*process_usec / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC));
#endif
}

static int try_recover(struct userdata *u, const char *call, int err) {
    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(call);
    pa_assert(err < 0);

    pa_log_debug("%s: %s", call, snd_strerror(err));

    pa_assert(err != -EAGAIN);

    if (err == -EPIPE)
        pa_log_debug("%s: Buffer underrun!", call);

    if ((err = snd_pcm_recover(u->pcm_handle, err, 1)) < 0) {
        pa_log("%s: %s", call, snd_strerror(err));
        return -1;
    }

    u->first = TRUE;
    u->since_start = 0;
    return 0;
}

static size_t check_left_to_play(struct userdata *u, size_t n_bytes) {
    size_t left_to_play;

    /* We use <= instead of < for this check here because an underrun
     * only happens after the last sample was processed, not already when
     * it is removed from the buffer. This is particularly important
     * when block transfer is used. */

    if (n_bytes <= u->hwbuf_size) {
        left_to_play = u->hwbuf_size - n_bytes;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
        pa_log_debug("%0.2f ms left to play", (double) pa_bytes_to_usec(left_to_play, &u->sink->sample_spec) / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);
#endif

    } else {
        left_to_play = 0;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
        PA_DEBUG_TRAP;
#endif

        if (!u->first && !u->after_rewind) {

            if (pa_log_ratelimit())
                pa_log_info("Underrun!");

            if (u->use_tsched)
                adjust_after_underrun(u);
        }
    }

    return left_to_play;
}

static int mmap_write(struct userdata *u, pa_usec_t *sleep_usec, pa_bool_t polled) {
    pa_bool_t work_done = TRUE;
    pa_usec_t max_sleep_usec = 0, process_usec = 0;
    size_t left_to_play;
    unsigned j = 0;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_sink_assert_ref(u->sink);

    if (u->use_tsched)
        hw_sleep_time(u, &max_sleep_usec, &process_usec);

    for (;;) {
        snd_pcm_sframes_t n;
        size_t n_bytes;
        int r;

        /* First we determine how many samples are missing to fill the
         * buffer up to 100% */

        if (PA_UNLIKELY((n = pa_alsa_safe_avail(u->pcm_handle, u->hwbuf_size, &u->sink->sample_spec)) < 0)) {

            if ((r = try_recover(u, "snd_pcm_avail", (int) n)) == 0)
                continue;

            return r;
        }

        n_bytes = (size_t) n * u->frame_size;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
        pa_log_debug("avail: %lu", (unsigned long) n_bytes);
#endif

        left_to_play = check_left_to_play(u, n_bytes);

        if (u->use_tsched)

            /* We won't fill up the playback buffer before at least
            * half the sleep time is over because otherwise we might
            * ask for more data from the clients then they expect. We
            * need to guarantee that clients only have to keep around
            * a single hw buffer length. */

            if (!polled &&
                pa_bytes_to_usec(left_to_play, &u->sink->sample_spec) > process_usec+max_sleep_usec/2) {
#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
                pa_log_debug("Not filling up, because too early.");
#endif
                break;
            }

        if (PA_UNLIKELY(n_bytes <= u->hwbuf_unused)) {

            if (polled)
                PA_ONCE_BEGIN {
                    char *dn = pa_alsa_get_driver_name_by_pcm(u->pcm_handle);
                    pa_log(_("ALSA woke us up to write new data to the device, but there was actually nothing to write!\n"
                             "Most likely this is a bug in the ALSA driver '%s'. Please report this issue to the ALSA developers.\n"
                             "We were woken up with POLLOUT set -- however a subsequent snd_pcm_avail() returned 0 or another value < min_avail."),
                           pa_strnull(dn));
                    pa_xfree(dn);
                } PA_ONCE_END;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
            pa_log_debug("Not filling up, because not necessary.");
#endif
            break;
        }


        if (++j > 10) {
#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
            pa_log_debug("Not filling up, because already too many iterations.");
#endif

            break;
        }

        n_bytes -= u->hwbuf_unused;
        polled = FALSE;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
        pa_log_debug("Filling up");
#endif

        for (;;) {
            pa_memchunk chunk;
            void *p;
            int err;
            const snd_pcm_channel_area_t *areas;
            snd_pcm_uframes_t offset, frames;
            snd_pcm_sframes_t sframes;

            frames = (snd_pcm_uframes_t) (n_bytes / u->frame_size);
/*             pa_log_debug("%lu frames to write", (unsigned long) frames); */

            if (PA_UNLIKELY((err = pa_alsa_safe_mmap_begin(u->pcm_handle, &areas, &offset, &frames, u->hwbuf_size, &u->sink->sample_spec)) < 0)) {

                if ((r = try_recover(u, "snd_pcm_mmap_begin", err)) == 0)
                    continue;

                return r;
            }

            /* Make sure that if these memblocks need to be copied they will fit into one slot */
            if (frames > pa_mempool_block_size_max(u->sink->core->mempool)/u->frame_size)
                frames = pa_mempool_block_size_max(u->sink->core->mempool)/u->frame_size;

            /* Check these are multiples of 8 bit */
            pa_assert((areas[0].first & 7) == 0);
            pa_assert((areas[0].step & 7)== 0);

            /* We assume a single interleaved memory buffer */
            pa_assert((areas[0].first >> 3) == 0);
            pa_assert((areas[0].step >> 3) == u->frame_size);

            p = (uint8_t*) areas[0].addr + (offset * u->frame_size);

            chunk.memblock = pa_memblock_new_fixed(u->core->mempool, p, frames * u->frame_size, TRUE);
            chunk.length = pa_memblock_get_length(chunk.memblock);
            chunk.index = 0;

            pa_sink_render_into_full(u->sink, &chunk);
            pa_memblock_unref_fixed(chunk.memblock);

            if (PA_UNLIKELY((sframes = snd_pcm_mmap_commit(u->pcm_handle, offset, frames)) < 0)) {

                if ((r = try_recover(u, "snd_pcm_mmap_commit", (int) sframes)) == 0)
                    continue;

                return r;
            }

            work_done = TRUE;

            u->write_count += frames * u->frame_size;
            u->since_start += frames * u->frame_size;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
            pa_log_debug("Wrote %lu bytes", (unsigned long) (frames * u->frame_size));
#endif

            if ((size_t) frames * u->frame_size >= n_bytes)
                break;

            n_bytes -= (size_t) frames * u->frame_size;
        }
    }

    *sleep_usec = pa_bytes_to_usec(left_to_play, &u->sink->sample_spec);

    if (*sleep_usec > process_usec)
        *sleep_usec -= process_usec;
    else
        *sleep_usec = 0;

    return work_done ? 1 : 0;
}

static int unix_write(struct userdata *u, pa_usec_t *sleep_usec, pa_bool_t polled) {
    pa_bool_t work_done = FALSE;
    pa_usec_t max_sleep_usec = 0, process_usec = 0;
    size_t left_to_play;
    unsigned j = 0;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_sink_assert_ref(u->sink);

    if (u->use_tsched)
        hw_sleep_time(u, &max_sleep_usec, &process_usec);

    for (;;) {
        snd_pcm_sframes_t n;
        size_t n_bytes;
        int r;

        if (PA_UNLIKELY((n = pa_alsa_safe_avail(u->pcm_handle, u->hwbuf_size, &u->sink->sample_spec)) < 0)) {

            if ((r = try_recover(u, "snd_pcm_avail", (int) n)) == 0)
                continue;

            return r;
        }

        n_bytes = (size_t) n * u->frame_size;
        left_to_play = check_left_to_play(u, n_bytes);

        if (u->use_tsched)

            /* We won't fill up the playback buffer before at least
            * half the sleep time is over because otherwise we might
            * ask for more data from the clients then they expect. We
            * need to guarantee that clients only have to keep around
            * a single hw buffer length. */

            if (!polled &&
                pa_bytes_to_usec(left_to_play, &u->sink->sample_spec) > process_usec+max_sleep_usec/2)
                break;

        if (PA_UNLIKELY(n_bytes <= u->hwbuf_unused)) {

            if (polled)
                PA_ONCE_BEGIN {
                    char *dn = pa_alsa_get_driver_name_by_pcm(u->pcm_handle);
                    pa_log(_("ALSA woke us up to write new data to the device, but there was actually nothing to write!\n"
                             "Most likely this is a bug in the ALSA driver '%s'. Please report this issue to the ALSA developers.\n"
                             "We were woken up with POLLOUT set -- however a subsequent snd_pcm_avail() returned 0 or another value < min_avail."),
                           pa_strnull(dn));
                    pa_xfree(dn);
                } PA_ONCE_END;

            break;
        }

        if (++j > 10) {
#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
            pa_log_debug("Not filling up, because already too many iterations.");
#endif

            break;
        }

        n_bytes -= u->hwbuf_unused;
        polled = FALSE;

        for (;;) {
            snd_pcm_sframes_t frames;
            void *p;

/*         pa_log_debug("%lu frames to write", (unsigned long) frames); */

            if (u->memchunk.length <= 0)
                pa_sink_render(u->sink, n_bytes, &u->memchunk);

            pa_assert(u->memchunk.length > 0);

            frames = (snd_pcm_sframes_t) (u->memchunk.length / u->frame_size);

            if (frames > (snd_pcm_sframes_t) (n_bytes/u->frame_size))
                frames = (snd_pcm_sframes_t) (n_bytes/u->frame_size);

            p = pa_memblock_acquire(u->memchunk.memblock);
            frames = snd_pcm_writei(u->pcm_handle, (const uint8_t*) p + u->memchunk.index, (snd_pcm_uframes_t) frames);
            pa_memblock_release(u->memchunk.memblock);

            pa_assert(frames != 0);

            if (PA_UNLIKELY(frames < 0)) {

                if ((r = try_recover(u, "snd_pcm_writei", (int) frames)) == 0)
                    continue;

                return r;
            }

            u->memchunk.index += (size_t) frames * u->frame_size;
            u->memchunk.length -= (size_t) frames * u->frame_size;

            if (u->memchunk.length <= 0) {
                pa_memblock_unref(u->memchunk.memblock);
                pa_memchunk_reset(&u->memchunk);
            }

            work_done = TRUE;

            u->write_count += frames * u->frame_size;
            u->since_start += frames * u->frame_size;

/*         pa_log_debug("wrote %lu frames", (unsigned long) frames); */

            if ((size_t) frames * u->frame_size >= n_bytes)
                break;

            n_bytes -= (size_t) frames * u->frame_size;
        }
    }

    *sleep_usec = pa_bytes_to_usec(left_to_play, &u->sink->sample_spec);

    if (*sleep_usec > process_usec)
        *sleep_usec -= process_usec;
    else
        *sleep_usec = 0;

    return work_done ? 1 : 0;
}

static void update_smoother(struct userdata *u) {
    snd_pcm_sframes_t delay = 0;
    int64_t position;
    int err;
    pa_usec_t now1 = 0, now2;
    snd_pcm_status_t *status;

    snd_pcm_status_alloca(&status);

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->pcm_handle);

    /* Let's update the time smoother */

    if (PA_UNLIKELY((err = pa_alsa_safe_delay(u->pcm_handle, &delay, u->hwbuf_size, &u->sink->sample_spec)) < 0)) {
        pa_log_warn("Failed to query DSP status data: %s", snd_strerror(err));
        return;
    }

    if (PA_UNLIKELY((err = snd_pcm_status(u->pcm_handle, status)) < 0))
        pa_log_warn("Failed to get timestamp: %s", snd_strerror(err));
    else {
        snd_htimestamp_t htstamp = { 0, 0 };
        snd_pcm_status_get_htstamp(status, &htstamp);
        now1 = pa_timespec_load(&htstamp);
    }

    position = (int64_t) u->write_count - ((int64_t) delay * (int64_t) u->frame_size);

    if (PA_UNLIKELY(position < 0))
        position = 0;

    /* Hmm, if the timestamp is 0, then it wasn't set and we take the current time */
    if (now1 <= 0)
        now1 = pa_rtclock_usec();

    now2 = pa_bytes_to_usec((uint64_t) position, &u->sink->sample_spec);

    pa_smoother_put(u->smoother, now1, now2);
}

static pa_usec_t sink_get_latency(struct userdata *u) {
    pa_usec_t r;
    int64_t delay;
    pa_usec_t now1, now2;

    pa_assert(u);

    now1 = pa_rtclock_usec();
    now2 = pa_smoother_get(u->smoother, now1);

    delay = (int64_t) pa_bytes_to_usec(u->write_count, &u->sink->sample_spec) - (int64_t) now2;

    r = delay >= 0 ? (pa_usec_t) delay : 0;

    if (u->memchunk.memblock)
        r += pa_bytes_to_usec(u->memchunk.length, &u->sink->sample_spec);

    return r;
}

static int build_pollfd(struct userdata *u) {
    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->pcm_handle);

    if (u->alsa_rtpoll_item)
        pa_rtpoll_item_free(u->alsa_rtpoll_item);

    if (!(u->alsa_rtpoll_item = pa_alsa_build_pollfd(u->pcm_handle, u->rtpoll)))
        return -1;

    return 0;
}

/* Called from IO context */
static int suspend(struct userdata *u) {
    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->pcm_handle);

    pa_smoother_pause(u->smoother, pa_rtclock_usec());

    /* Let's suspend -- we don't call snd_pcm_drain() here since that might
     * take awfully long with our long buffer sizes today. */
    snd_pcm_close(u->pcm_handle);
    u->pcm_handle = NULL;

    if (u->alsa_rtpoll_item) {
        pa_rtpoll_item_free(u->alsa_rtpoll_item);
        u->alsa_rtpoll_item = NULL;
    }

    pa_log_info("Device suspended...");

    return 0;
}

/* Called from IO context */
static int update_sw_params(struct userdata *u) {
    snd_pcm_uframes_t avail_min;
    int err;

    pa_assert(u);

    /* Use the full buffer if noone asked us for anything specific */
    u->hwbuf_unused = 0;

    if (u->use_tsched) {
        pa_usec_t latency;

        if ((latency = pa_sink_get_requested_latency_within_thread(u->sink)) != (pa_usec_t) -1) {
            size_t b;

            pa_log_debug("Latency set to %0.2fms", (double) latency / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);

            b = pa_usec_to_bytes(latency, &u->sink->sample_spec);

            /* We need at least one sample in our buffer */

            if (PA_UNLIKELY(b < u->frame_size))
                b = u->frame_size;

            u->hwbuf_unused = PA_LIKELY(b < u->hwbuf_size) ? (u->hwbuf_size - b) : 0;
        }

        fix_min_sleep_wakeup(u);
        fix_tsched_watermark(u);
    }

    pa_log_debug("hwbuf_unused=%lu", (unsigned long) u->hwbuf_unused);

    /* We need at last one frame in the used part of the buffer */
    avail_min = (snd_pcm_uframes_t) u->hwbuf_unused / u->frame_size + 1;

    if (u->use_tsched) {
        pa_usec_t sleep_usec, process_usec;

        hw_sleep_time(u, &sleep_usec, &process_usec);
        avail_min += pa_usec_to_bytes(sleep_usec, &u->sink->sample_spec) / u->frame_size;
    }

    pa_log_debug("setting avail_min=%lu", (unsigned long) avail_min);

    if ((err = pa_alsa_set_sw_params(u->pcm_handle, avail_min)) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to set software parameters: %s", snd_strerror(err));
        return err;
    }

    pa_sink_set_max_request_within_thread(u->sink, u->hwbuf_size - u->hwbuf_unused);

    return 0;
}

/* Called from IO context */
static int unsuspend(struct userdata *u) {
    pa_sample_spec ss;
    int err;
    pa_bool_t b, d;
    unsigned nfrags;
    snd_pcm_uframes_t period_size;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(!u->pcm_handle);

    pa_log_info("Trying resume...");

    snd_config_update_free_global();
    if ((err = snd_pcm_open(&u->pcm_handle, u->device_name, SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK,
                            /*SND_PCM_NONBLOCK|*/
                            SND_PCM_NO_AUTO_RESAMPLE|
                            SND_PCM_NO_AUTO_CHANNELS|
                            SND_PCM_NO_AUTO_FORMAT)) < 0) {
        pa_log("Error opening PCM device %s: %s", u->device_name, snd_strerror(err));
        goto fail;
    }

    ss = u->sink->sample_spec;
    nfrags = u->nfragments;
    period_size = u->fragment_size / u->frame_size;
    b = u->use_mmap;
    d = u->use_tsched;

    if ((err = pa_alsa_set_hw_params(u->pcm_handle, &ss, &nfrags, &period_size, u->hwbuf_size / u->frame_size, &b, &d, TRUE)) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to set hardware parameters: %s", snd_strerror(err));
        goto fail;
    }

    if (b != u->use_mmap || d != u->use_tsched) {
        pa_log_warn("Resume failed, couldn't get original access mode.");
        goto fail;
    }

    if (!pa_sample_spec_equal(&ss, &u->sink->sample_spec)) {
        pa_log_warn("Resume failed, couldn't restore original sample settings.");
        goto fail;
    }

    if (nfrags != u->nfragments || period_size*u->frame_size != u->fragment_size) {
        pa_log_warn("Resume failed, couldn't restore original fragment settings. (Old: %lu*%lu, New %lu*%lu)",
                    (unsigned long) u->nfragments, (unsigned long) u->fragment_size,
                    (unsigned long) nfrags, period_size * u->frame_size);
        goto fail;
    }

    if (update_sw_params(u) < 0)
        goto fail;

    if (build_pollfd(u) < 0)
        goto fail;

    u->first = TRUE;
    u->since_start = 0;

    pa_log_info("Resumed successfully...");

    return 0;

fail:
    if (u->pcm_handle) {
        snd_pcm_close(u->pcm_handle);
        u->pcm_handle = NULL;
    }

    return -1;
}

/* Called from IO context */
static int sink_process_msg(pa_msgobject *o, int code, void *data, int64_t offset, pa_memchunk *chunk) {
    struct userdata *u = PA_SINK(o)->userdata;

    switch (code) {

        case PA_SINK_MESSAGE_GET_LATENCY: {
            pa_usec_t r = 0;

            if (u->pcm_handle)
                r = sink_get_latency(u);

            *((pa_usec_t*) data) = r;

            return 0;
        }

        case PA_SINK_MESSAGE_SET_STATE:

            switch ((pa_sink_state_t) PA_PTR_TO_UINT(data)) {

                case PA_SINK_SUSPENDED:
                    pa_assert(PA_SINK_IS_OPENED(u->sink->thread_info.state));

                    if (suspend(u) < 0)
                        return -1;

                    break;

                case PA_SINK_IDLE:
                case PA_SINK_RUNNING:

                    if (u->sink->thread_info.state == PA_SINK_INIT) {
                        if (build_pollfd(u) < 0)
                            return -1;
                    }

                    if (u->sink->thread_info.state == PA_SINK_SUSPENDED) {
                        if (unsuspend(u) < 0)
                            return -1;
                    }

                    break;

                case PA_SINK_UNLINKED:
                case PA_SINK_INIT:
                case PA_SINK_INVALID_STATE:
                    ;
            }

            break;
    }

    return pa_sink_process_msg(o, code, data, offset, chunk);
}

/* Called from main context */
static int sink_set_state_cb(pa_sink *s, pa_sink_state_t new_state) {
    pa_sink_state_t old_state;
    struct userdata *u;

    pa_sink_assert_ref(s);
    pa_assert_se(u = s->userdata);

    old_state = pa_sink_get_state(u->sink);

    if (PA_SINK_IS_OPENED(old_state) && new_state == PA_SINK_SUSPENDED)
        reserve_done(u);
    else if (old_state == PA_SINK_SUSPENDED && PA_SINK_IS_OPENED(new_state))
        if (reserve_init(u, u->device_name) < 0)
            return -1;

    return 0;
}

static int mixer_callback(snd_mixer_elem_t *elem, unsigned int mask) {
    struct userdata *u = snd_mixer_elem_get_callback_private(elem);

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->mixer_handle);

    if (mask == SND_CTL_EVENT_MASK_REMOVE)
        return 0;

    if (mask & SND_CTL_EVENT_MASK_VALUE) {
        pa_sink_get_volume(u->sink, TRUE, FALSE);
        pa_sink_get_mute(u->sink, TRUE);
    }

    return 0;
}

static pa_volume_t from_alsa_volume(struct userdata *u, long alsa_vol) {

    return (pa_volume_t) round(((double) (alsa_vol - u->hw_volume_min) * PA_VOLUME_NORM) /
                               (double) (u->hw_volume_max - u->hw_volume_min));
}

static long to_alsa_volume(struct userdata *u, pa_volume_t vol) {
    long alsa_vol;

    alsa_vol = (long) round(((double) vol * (double) (u->hw_volume_max - u->hw_volume_min))
                            / PA_VOLUME_NORM) + u->hw_volume_min;

    return PA_CLAMP_UNLIKELY(alsa_vol, u->hw_volume_min, u->hw_volume_max);
}

static void sink_get_volume_cb(pa_sink *s) {
    struct userdata *u = s->userdata;
    int err;
    unsigned i;
    pa_cvolume r;
    char t[PA_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_MAX];

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->mixer_elem);

    if (u->mixer_seperate_channels) {

        r.channels = s->sample_spec.channels;

        for (i = 0; i < s->sample_spec.channels; i++) {
            long alsa_vol;

            if (u->hw_dB_supported) {

                if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_dB(u->mixer_elem, u->mixer_map[i], &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                    goto fail;

#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_MEMCHECK_H
                VALGRIND_MAKE_MEM_DEFINED(&alsa_vol, sizeof(alsa_vol));
#endif

                r.values[i] = pa_sw_volume_from_dB((double) (alsa_vol - u->hw_dB_max) / 100.0);
            } else {

                if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_volume(u->mixer_elem, u->mixer_map[i], &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                    goto fail;

                r.values[i] = from_alsa_volume(u, alsa_vol);
            }
        }

    } else {
        long alsa_vol;

        if (u->hw_dB_supported) {

            if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_dB(u->mixer_elem, SND_MIXER_SCHN_MONO, &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                goto fail;

#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_MEMCHECK_H
            VALGRIND_MAKE_MEM_DEFINED(&alsa_vol, sizeof(alsa_vol));
#endif

            pa_cvolume_set(&r, s->sample_spec.channels, pa_sw_volume_from_dB((double) (alsa_vol - u->hw_dB_max) / 100.0));

        } else {

            if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_volume(u->mixer_elem, SND_MIXER_SCHN_MONO, &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                goto fail;

            pa_cvolume_set(&r, s->sample_spec.channels, from_alsa_volume(u, alsa_vol));
        }
    }

    pa_log_debug("Read hardware volume: %s", pa_cvolume_snprint(t, sizeof(t), &r));

    if (!pa_cvolume_equal(&u->hardware_volume, &r)) {

        s->virtual_volume = u->hardware_volume = r;

        if (u->hw_dB_supported) {
            pa_cvolume reset;

            /* Hmm, so the hardware volume changed, let's reset our software volume */
            pa_cvolume_reset(&reset, s->sample_spec.channels);
            pa_sink_set_soft_volume(s, &reset);
        }
    }

    return;

fail:
    pa_log_error("Unable to read volume: %s", snd_strerror(err));
}

static void sink_set_volume_cb(pa_sink *s) {
    struct userdata *u = s->userdata;
    int err;
    unsigned i;
    pa_cvolume r;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->mixer_elem);

    if (u->mixer_seperate_channels) {

        r.channels = s->sample_spec.channels;

        for (i = 0; i < s->sample_spec.channels; i++) {
            long alsa_vol;
            pa_volume_t vol;

            vol = s->virtual_volume.values[i];

            if (u->hw_dB_supported) {

                alsa_vol = (long) (pa_sw_volume_to_dB(vol) * 100);
                alsa_vol += u->hw_dB_max;
                alsa_vol = PA_CLAMP_UNLIKELY(alsa_vol, u->hw_dB_min, u->hw_dB_max);

                if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_set_playback_dB(u->mixer_elem, u->mixer_map[i], alsa_vol, 1)) < 0)
                    goto fail;

                if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_dB(u->mixer_elem, u->mixer_map[i], &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                    goto fail;

#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_MEMCHECK_H
                VALGRIND_MAKE_MEM_DEFINED(&alsa_vol, sizeof(alsa_vol));
#endif

                r.values[i] = pa_sw_volume_from_dB((double) (alsa_vol - u->hw_dB_max) / 100.0);

            } else {
                alsa_vol = to_alsa_volume(u, vol);

                if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_set_playback_volume(u->mixer_elem, u->mixer_map[i], alsa_vol)) < 0)
                    goto fail;

                if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_volume(u->mixer_elem, u->mixer_map[i], &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                    goto fail;

                r.values[i] = from_alsa_volume(u, alsa_vol);
            }
        }

    } else {
        pa_volume_t vol;
        long alsa_vol;

        vol = pa_cvolume_max(&s->virtual_volume);

        if (u->hw_dB_supported) {
            alsa_vol = (long) (pa_sw_volume_to_dB(vol) * 100);
            alsa_vol += u->hw_dB_max;
            alsa_vol = PA_CLAMP_UNLIKELY(alsa_vol, u->hw_dB_min, u->hw_dB_max);

            if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_set_playback_dB_all(u->mixer_elem, alsa_vol, 1)) < 0)
                goto fail;

            if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_dB(u->mixer_elem, SND_MIXER_SCHN_MONO, &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                goto fail;

#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_MEMCHECK_H
            VALGRIND_MAKE_MEM_DEFINED(&alsa_vol, sizeof(alsa_vol));
#endif

            pa_cvolume_set(&r, s->sample_spec.channels, pa_sw_volume_from_dB((double) (alsa_vol - u->hw_dB_max) / 100.0));

        } else {
            alsa_vol = to_alsa_volume(u, vol);

            if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_set_playback_volume_all(u->mixer_elem, alsa_vol)) < 0)
                goto fail;

            if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_volume(u->mixer_elem, SND_MIXER_SCHN_MONO, &alsa_vol)) < 0)
                goto fail;

            pa_cvolume_set(&r, s->sample_spec.channels, from_alsa_volume(u, alsa_vol));
        }
    }

    u->hardware_volume = r;

    if (u->hw_dB_supported) {
        char t[PA_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_MAX];

        /* Match exactly what the user requested by software */
        pa_sw_cvolume_divide(&s->soft_volume, &s->virtual_volume, &u->hardware_volume);

        pa_log_debug("Requested volume: %s", pa_cvolume_snprint(t, sizeof(t), &s->virtual_volume));
        pa_log_debug("Got hardware volume: %s", pa_cvolume_snprint(t, sizeof(t), &u->hardware_volume));
        pa_log_debug("Calculated software volume: %s", pa_cvolume_snprint(t, sizeof(t), &s->soft_volume));

    } else

        /* We can't match exactly what the user requested, hence let's
         * at least tell the user about it */

        s->virtual_volume = r;

    return;

fail:
    pa_log_error("Unable to set volume: %s", snd_strerror(err));
}

static void sink_get_mute_cb(pa_sink *s) {
    struct userdata *u = s->userdata;
    int err, sw;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->mixer_elem);

    if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_switch(u->mixer_elem, 0, &sw)) < 0) {
        pa_log_error("Unable to get switch: %s", snd_strerror(err));
        return;
    }

    s->muted = !sw;
}

static void sink_set_mute_cb(pa_sink *s) {
    struct userdata *u = s->userdata;
    int err;

    pa_assert(u);
    pa_assert(u->mixer_elem);

    if ((err = snd_mixer_selem_set_playback_switch_all(u->mixer_elem, !s->muted)) < 0) {
        pa_log_error("Unable to set switch: %s", snd_strerror(err));
        return;
    }
}

static void sink_update_requested_latency_cb(pa_sink *s) {
    struct userdata *u = s->userdata;
    size_t before;
    pa_assert(u);

    if (!u->pcm_handle)
        return;

    before = u->hwbuf_unused;
    update_sw_params(u);

    /* Let's check whether we now use only a smaller part of the
    buffer then before. If so, we need to make sure that subsequent
    rewinds are relative to the new maximum fill level and not to the
    current fill level. Thus, let's do a full rewind once, to clear
    things up. */

    if (u->hwbuf_unused > before) {
        pa_log_debug("Requesting rewind due to latency change.");
        pa_sink_request_rewind(s, (size_t) -1);
    }
}

static int process_rewind(struct userdata *u) {
    snd_pcm_sframes_t unused;
    size_t rewind_nbytes, unused_nbytes, limit_nbytes;
    pa_assert(u);

    /* Figure out how much we shall rewind and reset the counter */
    rewind_nbytes = u->sink->thread_info.rewind_nbytes;

    pa_log_debug("Requested to rewind %lu bytes.", (unsigned long) rewind_nbytes);

    if (PA_UNLIKELY((unused = pa_alsa_safe_avail(u->pcm_handle, u->hwbuf_size, &u->sink->sample_spec)) < 0)) {
        pa_log("snd_pcm_avail() failed: %s", snd_strerror((int) unused));
        return -1;
    }

    unused_nbytes = u->tsched_watermark + (size_t) unused * u->frame_size;

    if (u->hwbuf_size > unused_nbytes)
        limit_nbytes = u->hwbuf_size - unused_nbytes;
    else
        limit_nbytes = 0;

    if (rewind_nbytes > limit_nbytes)
        rewind_nbytes = limit_nbytes;

    if (rewind_nbytes > 0) {
        snd_pcm_sframes_t in_frames, out_frames;

        pa_log_debug("Limited to %lu bytes.", (unsigned long) rewind_nbytes);

        in_frames = (snd_pcm_sframes_t) (rewind_nbytes / u->frame_size);
        pa_log_debug("before: %lu", (unsigned long) in_frames);
        if ((out_frames = snd_pcm_rewind(u->pcm_handle, (snd_pcm_uframes_t) in_frames)) < 0) {
            pa_log("snd_pcm_rewind() failed: %s", snd_strerror((int) out_frames));
            return -1;
        }
        pa_log_debug("after: %lu", (unsigned long) out_frames);

        rewind_nbytes = (size_t) out_frames * u->frame_size;

        if (rewind_nbytes <= 0)
            pa_log_info("Tried rewind, but was apparently not possible.");
        else {
            u->write_count -= out_frames * u->frame_size;
            pa_log_debug("Rewound %lu bytes.", (unsigned long) rewind_nbytes);
            pa_sink_process_rewind(u->sink, rewind_nbytes);

            u->after_rewind = TRUE;
            return 0;
        }
    } else
        pa_log_debug("Mhmm, actually there is nothing to rewind.");

    pa_sink_process_rewind(u->sink, 0);
    return 0;
}

static void thread_func(void *userdata) {
    struct userdata *u = userdata;
    unsigned short revents = 0;

    pa_assert(u);

    pa_log_debug("Thread starting up");

    if (u->core->realtime_scheduling)
        pa_make_realtime(u->core->realtime_priority);

    pa_thread_mq_install(&u->thread_mq);
    pa_rtpoll_install(u->rtpoll);

    for (;;) {
        int ret;

#ifdef DEBUG_TIMING
        pa_log_debug("Loop");
#endif

        /* Render some data and write it to the dsp */
        if (PA_SINK_IS_OPENED(u->sink->thread_info.state)) {
            int work_done;
            pa_usec_t sleep_usec = 0;

            if (PA_UNLIKELY(u->sink->thread_info.rewind_requested))
                if (process_rewind(u) < 0)
                        goto fail;

            if (u->use_mmap)
                work_done = mmap_write(u, &sleep_usec, revents & POLLOUT);
            else
                work_done = unix_write(u, &sleep_usec, revents & POLLOUT);

            if (work_done < 0)
                goto fail;

/*             pa_log_debug("work_done = %i", work_done); */

            if (work_done) {

                if (u->first) {
                    pa_log_info("Starting playback.");
                    snd_pcm_start(u->pcm_handle);

                    pa_smoother_resume(u->smoother, pa_rtclock_usec(), TRUE);
                }

                update_smoother(u);
            }

            if (u->use_tsched) {
                pa_usec_t cusec;

                if (u->since_start <= u->hwbuf_size) {

                    /* USB devices on ALSA seem to hit a buffer
                     * underrun during the first iterations much
                     * quicker then we calculate here, probably due to
                     * the transport latency. To accommodate for that
                     * we artificially decrease the sleep time until
                     * we have filled the buffer at least once
                     * completely.*/

                    pa_log_debug("Cutting sleep time for the initial iterations by half.");
                    sleep_usec /= 2;
                }

                /* OK, the playback buffer is now full, let's
                 * calculate when to wake up next */
/*                 pa_log_debug("Waking up in %0.2fms (sound card clock).", (double) sleep_usec / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC); */

                /* Convert from the sound card time domain to the
                 * system time domain */
                cusec = pa_smoother_translate(u->smoother, pa_rtclock_usec(), sleep_usec);

/*                 pa_log_debug("Waking up in %0.2fms (system clock).", (double) cusec / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC); */

                /* We don't trust the conversion, so we wake up whatever comes first */
                pa_rtpoll_set_timer_relative(u->rtpoll, PA_MIN(sleep_usec, cusec));
            }

            u->first = FALSE;
            u->after_rewind = FALSE;

        } else if (u->use_tsched)

            /* OK, we're in an invalid state, let's disable our timers */
            pa_rtpoll_set_timer_disabled(u->rtpoll);

        /* Hmm, nothing to do. Let's sleep */
        if ((ret = pa_rtpoll_run(u->rtpoll, TRUE)) < 0)
            goto fail;

        if (ret == 0)
            goto finish;

        /* Tell ALSA about this and process its response */
        if (PA_SINK_IS_OPENED(u->sink->thread_info.state)) {
            struct pollfd *pollfd;
            int err;
            unsigned n;

            pollfd = pa_rtpoll_item_get_pollfd(u->alsa_rtpoll_item, &n);

            if ((err = snd_pcm_poll_descriptors_revents(u->pcm_handle, pollfd, n, &revents)) < 0) {
                pa_log("snd_pcm_poll_descriptors_revents() failed: %s", snd_strerror(err));
                goto fail;
            }

            if (revents & ~POLLOUT) {
                if (pa_alsa_recover_from_poll(u->pcm_handle, revents) < 0)
                    goto fail;

                u->first = TRUE;
                u->since_start = 0;
            } else if (revents && u->use_tsched && pa_log_ratelimit())
                pa_log_debug("Wakeup from ALSA!");

        } else
            revents = 0;
    }

fail:
    /* If this was no regular exit from the loop we have to continue
     * processing messages until we received PA_MESSAGE_SHUTDOWN */
    pa_asyncmsgq_post(u->thread_mq.outq, PA_MSGOBJECT(u->core), PA_CORE_MESSAGE_UNLOAD_MODULE, u->module, 0, NULL, NULL);
    pa_asyncmsgq_wait_for(u->thread_mq.inq, PA_MESSAGE_SHUTDOWN);

finish:
    pa_log_debug("Thread shutting down");
}

static void set_sink_name(pa_sink_new_data *data, pa_modargs *ma, const char *device_id, const char *device_name) {
    const char *n;
    char *t;

    pa_assert(data);
    pa_assert(ma);
    pa_assert(device_name);

    if ((n = pa_modargs_get_value(ma, "sink_name", NULL))) {
        pa_sink_new_data_set_name(data, n);
        data->namereg_fail = TRUE;
        return;
    }

    if ((n = pa_modargs_get_value(ma, "name", NULL)))
        data->namereg_fail = TRUE;
    else {
        n = device_id ? device_id : device_name;
        data->namereg_fail = FALSE;
    }

    t = pa_sprintf_malloc("alsa_output.%s", n);
    pa_sink_new_data_set_name(data, t);
    pa_xfree(t);
}

static int setup_mixer(struct userdata *u, pa_bool_t ignore_dB) {
    pa_assert(u);

    if (!u->mixer_handle)
        return 0;

    pa_assert(u->mixer_elem);

    if (snd_mixer_selem_has_playback_volume(u->mixer_elem)) {
        pa_bool_t suitable = FALSE;

        if (snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_volume_range(u->mixer_elem, &u->hw_volume_min, &u->hw_volume_max) < 0)
            pa_log_info("Failed to get volume range. Falling back to software volume control.");
        else if (u->hw_volume_min >= u->hw_volume_max)
            pa_log_warn("Your kernel driver is broken: it reports a volume range from %li to %li which makes no sense.", u->hw_volume_min, u->hw_volume_max);
        else {
            pa_log_info("Volume ranges from %li to %li.", u->hw_volume_min, u->hw_volume_max);
            suitable = TRUE;
        }

        if (suitable) {
            if (ignore_dB || snd_mixer_selem_get_playback_dB_range(u->mixer_elem, &u->hw_dB_min, &u->hw_dB_max) < 0)
                pa_log_info("Mixer doesn't support dB information or data is ignored.");
            else {
#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_MEMCHECK_H
                VALGRIND_MAKE_MEM_DEFINED(&u->hw_dB_min, sizeof(u->hw_dB_min));
                VALGRIND_MAKE_MEM_DEFINED(&u->hw_dB_max, sizeof(u->hw_dB_max));
#endif

                if (u->hw_dB_min >= u->hw_dB_max)
                    pa_log_warn("Your kernel driver is broken: it reports a volume range from %0.2f dB to %0.2f dB which makes no sense.", (double) u->hw_dB_min/100.0, (double) u->hw_dB_max/100.0);
                else {
                    pa_log_info("Volume ranges from %0.2f dB to %0.2f dB.", (double) u->hw_dB_min/100.0, (double) u->hw_dB_max/100.0);
                    u->hw_dB_supported = TRUE;

                    if (u->hw_dB_max > 0) {
                        u->sink->base_volume = pa_sw_volume_from_dB(- (double) u->hw_dB_max/100.0);
                        pa_log_info("Fixing base volume to %0.2f dB", pa_sw_volume_to_dB(u->sink->base_volume));
                    } else
                        pa_log_info("No particular base volume set, fixing to 0 dB");
                }
            }

            if (!u->hw_dB_supported &&
                u->hw_volume_max - u->hw_volume_min < 3) {

                pa_log_info("Device doesn't do dB volume and has less than 4 volume levels. Falling back to software volume control.");
                suitable = FALSE;
            }
        }

        if (suitable) {
            u->mixer_seperate_channels = pa_alsa_calc_mixer_map(u->mixer_elem, &u->sink->channel_map, u->mixer_map, TRUE) >= 0;

            u->sink->get_volume = sink_get_volume_cb;
            u->sink->set_volume = sink_set_volume_cb;
            u->sink->flags |= PA_SINK_HW_VOLUME_CTRL | (u->hw_dB_supported ? PA_SINK_DECIBEL_VOLUME : 0);
            pa_log_info("Using hardware volume control. Hardware dB scale %s.", u->hw_dB_supported ? "supported" : "not supported");

            if (!u->hw_dB_supported)
                u->sink->n_volume_steps = u->hw_volume_max - u->hw_volume_min + 1;
        } else
            pa_log_info("Using software volume control.");
    }

    if (snd_mixer_selem_has_playback_switch(u->mixer_elem)) {
        u->sink->get_mute = sink_get_mute_cb;
        u->sink->set_mute = sink_set_mute_cb;
        u->sink->flags |= PA_SINK_HW_MUTE_CTRL;
    } else
        pa_log_info("Using software mute control.");

    u->mixer_fdl = pa_alsa_fdlist_new();

    if (pa_alsa_fdlist_set_mixer(u->mixer_fdl, u->mixer_handle, u->core->mainloop) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to initialize file descriptor monitoring");
        return -1;
    }

    snd_mixer_elem_set_callback(u->mixer_elem, mixer_callback);
    snd_mixer_elem_set_callback_private(u->mixer_elem, u);

    return 0;
}

pa_sink *pa_alsa_sink_new(pa_module *m, pa_modargs *ma, const char*driver, pa_card *card, const pa_alsa_profile_info *profile) {

    struct userdata *u = NULL;
    const char *dev_id = NULL;
    pa_sample_spec ss, requested_ss;
    pa_channel_map map;
    uint32_t nfrags, hwbuf_size, frag_size, tsched_size, tsched_watermark;
    snd_pcm_uframes_t period_frames, tsched_frames;
    size_t frame_size;
    pa_bool_t use_mmap = TRUE, b, use_tsched = TRUE, d, ignore_dB = FALSE;
    pa_sink_new_data data;

    pa_assert(m);
    pa_assert(ma);

    ss = m->core->default_sample_spec;
    map = m->core->default_channel_map;
    if (pa_modargs_get_sample_spec_and_channel_map(ma, &ss, &map, PA_CHANNEL_MAP_ALSA) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to parse sample specification and channel map");
        goto fail;
    }

    requested_ss = ss;
    frame_size = pa_frame_size(&ss);

    nfrags = m->core->default_n_fragments;
    frag_size = (uint32_t) pa_usec_to_bytes(m->core->default_fragment_size_msec*PA_USEC_PER_MSEC, &ss);
    if (frag_size <= 0)
        frag_size = (uint32_t) frame_size;
    tsched_size = (uint32_t) pa_usec_to_bytes(DEFAULT_TSCHED_BUFFER_USEC, &ss);
    tsched_watermark = (uint32_t) pa_usec_to_bytes(DEFAULT_TSCHED_WATERMARK_USEC, &ss);

    if (pa_modargs_get_value_u32(ma, "fragments", &nfrags) < 0 ||
        pa_modargs_get_value_u32(ma, "fragment_size", &frag_size) < 0 ||
        pa_modargs_get_value_u32(ma, "tsched_buffer_size", &tsched_size) < 0 ||
        pa_modargs_get_value_u32(ma, "tsched_buffer_watermark", &tsched_watermark) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to parse buffer metrics");
        goto fail;
    }

    hwbuf_size = frag_size * nfrags;
    period_frames = frag_size/frame_size;
    tsched_frames = tsched_size/frame_size;

    if (pa_modargs_get_value_boolean(ma, "mmap", &use_mmap) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to parse mmap argument.");
        goto fail;
    }

    if (pa_modargs_get_value_boolean(ma, "tsched", &use_tsched) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to parse tsched argument.");
        goto fail;
    }

    if (pa_modargs_get_value_boolean(ma, "ignore_dB", &ignore_dB) < 0) {
        pa_log("Failed to parse ignore_dB argument.");
        goto fail;
    }

    if (use_tsched && !pa_rtclock_hrtimer()) {
        pa_log_notice("Disabling timer-based scheduling because high-resolution timers are not available from the kernel.");
        use_tsched = FALSE;
    }

    u = pa_xnew0(struct userdata, 1);
    u->core = m->core;
    u->module = m;
    u->use_mmap = use_mmap;
    u->use_tsched = use_tsched;
    u->first = TRUE;
    u->rtpoll = pa_rtpoll_new();
    pa_thread_mq_init(&u->thread_mq, m->core->mainloop, u->rtpoll);

    u->smoother = pa_smoother_new(
            DEFAULT_TSCHED_BUFFER_USEC*2,
            DEFAULT_TSCHED_BUFFER_USEC*2,
            TRUE,
            TRUE,
            5,
            pa_rtclock_usec(),
            TRUE);

    if (reserve_init(u, pa_modargs_get_value(
                             ma, "device_id",
                             pa_modargs_get_value(ma, "device", DEFAULT_DEVICE))) < 0)
        goto fail;

    b = use_mmap;
    d = use_tsched;

    if (profile) {

        if (!(dev_id = pa_modargs_get_value(ma, "device_id", NULL))) {
            pa_log("device_id= not set");
            goto fail;
        }

        if (!(u->pcm_handle = pa_alsa_open_by_device_id_profile(
                      dev_id,
                      &u->device_name,
                      &ss, &map,
                      SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK,
                      &nfrags, &period_frames, tsched_frames,
                      &b, &d, profile)))

            goto fail;

    } else if ((dev_id = pa_modargs_get_value(ma, "device_id", NULL))) {

        if (!(u->pcm_handle = pa_alsa_open_by_device_id_auto(
                      dev_id,
                      &u->device_name,
                      &ss, &map,
                      SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK,
                      &nfrags, &period_frames, tsched_frames,
                      &b, &d, &profile)))

            goto fail;

    } else {

        if (!(u->pcm_handle = pa_alsa_open_by_device_string(
                      pa_modargs_get_value(ma, "device", DEFAULT_DEVICE),
                      &u->device_name,
                      &ss, &map,
                      SND_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK,
                      &nfrags, &period_frames, tsched_frames,
                      &b, &d, FALSE)))
            goto fail;

    }

    pa_assert(u->device_name);
    pa_log_info("Successfully opened device %s.", u->device_name);

    if (pa_alsa_pcm_is_modem(u->pcm_handle)) {
        pa_log_notice("Device %s is modem, refusing further initialization.", u->device_name);
        goto fail;
    }

    if (profile)
        pa_log_info("Selected configuration '%s' (%s).", profile->description, profile->name);

    if (use_mmap && !b) {
        pa_log_info("Device doesn't support mmap(), falling back to UNIX read/write mode.");
        u->use_mmap = use_mmap = FALSE;
    }

    if (use_tsched && (!b || !d)) {
        pa_log_info("Cannot enable timer-based scheduling, falling back to sound IRQ scheduling.");
        u->use_tsched = use_tsched = FALSE;
    }

    if (use_tsched && !pa_alsa_pcm_is_hw(u->pcm_handle)) {
        pa_log_info("Device is not a hardware device, disabling timer-based scheduling.");
        u->use_tsched = use_tsched = FALSE;
    }

    if (u->use_mmap)
        pa_log_info("Successfully enabled mmap() mode.");

    if (u->use_tsched)
        pa_log_info("Successfully enabled timer-based scheduling mode.");

    /* ALSA might tweak the sample spec, so recalculate the frame size */
    frame_size = pa_frame_size(&ss);

    pa_alsa_find_mixer_and_elem(u->pcm_handle, &u->mixer_handle, &u->mixer_elem, pa_modargs_get_value(ma, "control", NULL), profile);

    pa_sink_new_data_init(&data);
    data.driver = driver;
    data.module = m;
    data.card = card;
    set_sink_name(&data, ma, dev_id, u->device_name);
    pa_sink_new_data_set_sample_spec(&data, &ss);
    pa_sink_new_data_set_channel_map(&data, &map);

    pa_alsa_init_proplist_pcm(m->core, data.proplist, u->pcm_handle, u->mixer_elem);
    pa_proplist_sets(data.proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_STRING, u->device_name);
    pa_proplist_setf(data.proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_BUFFERING_BUFFER_SIZE, "%lu", (unsigned long) (period_frames * frame_size * nfrags));
    pa_proplist_setf(data.proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_BUFFERING_FRAGMENT_SIZE, "%lu", (unsigned long) (period_frames * frame_size));
    pa_proplist_sets(data.proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_ACCESS_MODE, u->use_tsched ? "mmap+timer" : (u->use_mmap ? "mmap" : "serial"));

    if (profile) {
        pa_proplist_sets(data.proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_PROFILE_NAME, profile->name);
        pa_proplist_sets(data.proplist, PA_PROP_DEVICE_PROFILE_DESCRIPTION, profile->description);
    }

    pa_alsa_init_description(data.proplist);

    u->sink = pa_sink_new(m->core, &data, PA_SINK_HARDWARE|PA_SINK_LATENCY|(u->use_tsched ? PA_SINK_DYNAMIC_LATENCY : 0));
    pa_sink_new_data_done(&data);

    if (!u->sink) {
        pa_log("Failed to create sink object");
        goto fail;
    }

    u->sink->parent.process_msg = sink_process_msg;
    u->sink->update_requested_latency = sink_update_requested_latency_cb;
    u->sink->set_state = sink_set_state_cb;
    u->sink->userdata = u;

    pa_sink_set_asyncmsgq(u->sink, u->thread_mq.inq);
    pa_sink_set_rtpoll(u->sink, u->rtpoll);

    u->frame_size = frame_size;
    u->fragment_size = frag_size = (uint32_t) (period_frames * frame_size);
    u->nfragments = nfrags;
    u->hwbuf_size = u->fragment_size * nfrags;
    u->tsched_watermark = pa_usec_to_bytes_round_up(pa_bytes_to_usec_round_up(tsched_watermark, &requested_ss), &u->sink->sample_spec);
    pa_cvolume_mute(&u->hardware_volume, u->sink->sample_spec.channels);

    pa_log_info("Using %u fragments of size %lu bytes, buffer time is %0.2fms",
                nfrags, (long unsigned) u->fragment_size,
                (double) pa_bytes_to_usec(u->hwbuf_size, &ss) / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);

    pa_sink_set_max_request(u->sink, u->hwbuf_size);
    pa_sink_set_max_rewind(u->sink, u->hwbuf_size);

    if (u->use_tsched) {
        u->watermark_step = pa_usec_to_bytes(TSCHED_WATERMARK_STEP_USEC, &u->sink->sample_spec);

        fix_min_sleep_wakeup(u);
        fix_tsched_watermark(u);

        pa_sink_set_latency_range(u->sink,
                                  0,
                                  pa_bytes_to_usec(u->hwbuf_size, &ss));

        pa_log_info("Time scheduling watermark is %0.2fms",
                    (double) pa_bytes_to_usec(u->tsched_watermark, &ss) / PA_USEC_PER_MSEC);
    } else
        u->sink->fixed_latency = pa_bytes_to_usec(u->hwbuf_size, &ss);

    reserve_update(u);

    if (update_sw_params(u) < 0)
        goto fail;

    if (setup_mixer(u, ignore_dB) < 0)
        goto fail;

    pa_alsa_dump(PA_LOG_DEBUG, u->pcm_handle);

    if (!(u->thread = pa_thread_new(thread_func, u))) {
        pa_log("Failed to create thread.");
        goto fail;
    }

    /* Get initial mixer settings */
    if (data.volume_is_set) {
        if (u->sink->set_volume)
            u->sink->set_volume(u->sink);
    } else {
        if (u->sink->get_volume)
            u->sink->get_volume(u->sink);
    }

    if (data.muted_is_set) {
        if (u->sink->set_mute)
            u->sink->set_mute(u->sink);
    } else {
        if (u->sink->get_mute)
            u->sink->get_mute(u->sink);
    }

    pa_sink_put(u->sink);

    return u->sink;

fail:

    userdata_free(u);

    return NULL;
}

static void userdata_free(struct userdata *u) {
    pa_assert(u);

    if (u->sink)
        pa_sink_unlink(u->sink);

    if (u->thread) {
        pa_asyncmsgq_send(u->thread_mq.inq, NULL, PA_MESSAGE_SHUTDOWN, NULL, 0, NULL);
        pa_thread_free(u->thread);
    }

    pa_thread_mq_done(&u->thread_mq);

    if (u->sink)
        pa_sink_unref(u->sink);

    if (u->memchunk.memblock)
        pa_memblock_unref(u->memchunk.memblock);

    if (u->alsa_rtpoll_item)
        pa_rtpoll_item_free(u->alsa_rtpoll_item);

    if (u->rtpoll)
        pa_rtpoll_free(u->rtpoll);

    if (u->mixer_fdl)
        pa_alsa_fdlist_free(u->mixer_fdl);

    if (u->mixer_handle)
        snd_mixer_close(u->mixer_handle);

    if (u->pcm_handle) {
        snd_pcm_drop(u->pcm_handle);
        snd_pcm_close(u->pcm_handle);
    }

    if (u->smoother)
        pa_smoother_free(u->smoother);

    reserve_done(u);

    pa_xfree(u->device_name);
    pa_xfree(u);
}

void pa_alsa_sink_free(pa_sink *s) {
    struct userdata *u;

    pa_sink_assert_ref(s);
    pa_assert_se(u = s->userdata);

    userdata_free(u);
}

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